“It took me four years to paint
like Raphael, but a lifetime
to paint like a child.”
~ Pablo Picasso
Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain. From an early age, Pablo proved himself as an artistic child prodigy. His father, who was an artist and art teacher trained him at first, later he was sent to art school in Barcelona, and then Madrid.
This piece below was painted by Pablo at age 14:
Later, Picasso moved to Paris, where he quickly found like-minded painters. His work began to attract serious attention and praise by the time he was twenty.
However, after the untimely death of a close friend, Pablo’s works became cold and depressing. Almost all his paintings were in various shades of blue, depicting sad subject matter. This became known as his “Blue Period,” in which he sold very little paintings and almost starved.
As Pablo spent more time in Paris, he made new friends and fell in love. His painting became much warmer, or rosier. This phase is called his “Rose Period,” and he began to sell more paintings.
Picasso began to experiment with bold, new art forms, and after acquiring the valuable patronage of the American siblings Leo and Gertrude Stein, he took his art to a whole new experimental level.
Inspired by French painter, Paul Cézanne, as well as the “primitive” art of Africa and the Pacific, Picasso began to create a radically new style. And with the collaboration of friend and fellow-artist, George Braque, developed a new style of art known as “Cubism.”
In Cubism, subjects are analyzed, broken down into basic shapes, then reassembled in abstract form. Perspective becomes lost as the artist portrays the subject from multiple viewpoints.
Picasso and Braque also invented Collage, the art gluing papers and found objects to a substrate, such as cardboard or wood.
Always the artistic innovator, Picasso would go on to paint in Surrealism,
and try his hand at Sculpting.
Though his personal life was quite controversial, Picasso made valuable contributions to art throughout his entire life, and is known as one of the greatest artists of the 20th century.
Want to experiment with Cubism, Surrealism, and Collage? In my Mixing with the Masters, Volume One lesson on Picasso, we learn even more about him and create three pieces inspired by some of his masterworks.
Purchase the entire course (including six master artists) for $60
or just the Picasso lesson for $12:
Book Recommendations for Further Study:
Pablo Picasso: Meet the ArtistJust Behave, Pablo Picasso!Picasso and the Girl with a Ponytail (Anholt’s Artists Books For Children)Pablo Picasso (Revised Edition) (Getting to Know the World’s Greatest Artists (Paperback))Picasso Line Drawings and Prints (Dover Fine Art, History of Art)
(The following are not recommended for children:)
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*Linking up with my friends at iHomeschool Network for October Birthday Lessons.
Alisha Gratehouse is an artist, art instructor, minister’s wife, and homeschooling mom of three. Her days are filled with creating, painting, writing, drinking lots of tea, laughing with (and at) her family, and spontaneously bursting forth into song. Alisha is the author of several books including, A Life That Flourishes.